20 Most common medical conditions affecting elderly: What to expect


It is an uncomfortable and often difficult task to take care of a loved one who has been diagnosed with a chronic or terminal condition. It can be hard, even for the most devoted caregiver, to remember all the different treatments that have been prescribed by physicians. To make matters more complicated, some people may need special accommodations because they are disabled or elderly–and this means additional medical considerations. This blog post will discuss 20 common conditions that affect elders and what you should expect if your loved one is affected.


Arthritis is a disease that causes inflammation of joints and surrounding tissues. It can result in pain, stiffness, and difficulty moving the joint. Arthritis usually impacts people who are middle-aged or older. There are different types of arthritis such as osteoarthritis (caused by wear and tear) rheumatoid arthritis (an autoimmune disorder), gouty arthritis (resulting from too much uric acid in the blood). For those living with this condition, there are many ways to cope with it including medications, exercise techniques such as yoga, weight loss and diet changes to reduce inflammation.

Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative neurological disorder that slowly damages the brain over time and eventually leads to death. The symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease are progressive, meaning they gradually worsen with time.

Symptoms include memory loss, confusion, mood swings, difficulty speaking or understanding speech, problems changing activities or routines and personality changes (such as anxiety). People can have dementia due to other causes such as strokes; however, it can be difficult to diagnose early on because there are so many different forms of dementia. A diagnosis usually includes a physical exam and medical history followed by cognitive testing which may include an MRI scan. There is no cure for Alzheimer’s Disease but medications can help with some symptoms while others will need full-time care.


Asthma is a chronic lung condition that can cause wheezing, coughing, and chest tightness. This blog post will go over what asthma is, how to prevent it and when to see your doctor. The first step in preventing asthma symptoms is learning what triggers them for you. Once you know what sets off the bronchial constriction-causing airway spasms in your lungs (called an “asthma attack”), you can avoid or minimize contact with these things as much as possible. Common causes of asthma attacks include pollen, dust mites, animal dander, mould spores and cigarette smoke. If any of these are affecting you daily and they’re not unavoidable at work or home due to family members or pets, it’s a good idea to talk with your doctor about how you can reduce them.


The number of people with vision loss is increasing rapidly. Of the 11 million adults in the UK aged over 66, around 1.6 million have some form of sight impairment and 850,000 are registered as blind or partially sighted. (1) With this increase in cases, we must understand how best to support those who need help. A recent study by the Royal National Institute of Blind People (RNIB) has shown that there is a rapid increase in people over 60 years old going blind. The UK’s population currently includes 1,000,000 elders with sight problems and this number will rise to 2 million by 2020.

There are three main reasons for developing blindness- age-related macular degeneration, cataract or glaucoma. Age-related macular degeneration is the most common cause of blindness in people over 50 and as such is an important factor when considering how best to support our elderly community members who are at risk due to their increased age.


We all know someone who has been diagnosed with cancer. It is a disease that can affect anyone, regardless of age, gender or race. The term “cancer” refers to over 100 different diseases and there are more than 10 million new cases every year worldwide. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States and it’s estimated that 1 in 4 people will have some form of cancer during their lifetime. Despite this grim statistic, there are many things we can do to prevent getting cancer as well as strategies on how to treat it if you’re unlucky enough to get it.

Cancer is an illness that affects many people in various ways. It can be difficult to understand the types of cancer and what they mean for you as a person. What are some different types of cancer?

– Brain tumour – Cervical Cancer – Kidney Cancer – Lung Cancer

Congestive Heart Failure

Congestive heart failure is a condition that typically affects the elderly. It can also impact women, men, and disabled people. The symptoms of congestive heart failure are shortness of breath, fatigue or lethargy, weight gain without any changes in diet or exercise, swelling in the feet or ankles due to fluid retention and an irregular heartbeat. These symptoms may be caused by other conditions as well but should always be checked out by a doctor who specializes in this area to rule out congestive heart failure as being the cause for these symptoms.

Congestive heart failure is treatable with medications such as diuretics (to help remove excess fluids) and beta-blockers (to regulate the rhythm). Other treatments include supplemental oxygen therapy if needed, surgery to implant a pacemaker, and an implanted defibrillator.

COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)

COPD is a condition that makes it difficult to breathe and can lead to respiratory failure. This occurs when the airways of the lungs become narrowed due to chronic inflammation or scarring in lung tissue. It usually affects people who smoke cigarettes regularly for more than 15 years or those with other risk factors such as obesity or asthma. The symptoms include wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, chest tightness on exertion, and abnormally rapid breathing called hyperventilation. Treatment includes using an inhaler medication like albuterol sulfate which opens up the bronchi by relaxing muscles around them and reduces swelling inside your airway passages; taking low doses of corticosteroids (steroid medicines) to reduce inflammation, and quitting smoking.

Chronic Kidney Disease

Older patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are more likely to need renal replacement therapy, but many do not receive dialysis or transplants. A new study in the Journal of Renal Care finds that one-third of older CKD patients in England and Wales did not start on a course of treatment within three months after a diagnosis. Elderly people in the UK are at higher risk of developing Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and need to be aware of this. They need to stay on top of their CKD treatment plan, which includes regular blood tests, diet changes and medication. If left untreated, CKD can lead to serious health complications such as heart disease or stroke. The NHS guides patients with chronic kidney disease.

Coronary Heart Disease

Every week, a person aged 65 or older dies from coronary heart disease in the UK. This is often because they are too old to have surgery that could help them. The treatment for CHD in elderly people is usually medication, but this doesn’t always work well enough and there is no alternative option for many patients who can’t take the drugs due to other health conditions. It’s time we start taking action now so these cases don’t become even more common and difficult to treat than they already are!

This blog post will discuss how important it is that we find better treatments for CHD in elders. We will also talk about why it’s hard to diagnose and what you should do if you think someone might be suffering from this type of condition.

It is difficult to diagnose coronary heart disease in the elderly, and this can be bad because if a person does have it, they are often too old for surgery. The treatments for CHD usually involve medication but these drugs don’t always work well enough or there might not even be an alternative option at all due to other health conditions.

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Elderly people in the UK are at risk for deep vein thrombosis. This blog post will discuss signs of DVT as well as treatment options to help reduce complications and increase the quality of life.

Signs include swelling or redness in one leg, pain that is worsened by standing or sitting, and a feeling like something heavy is pressing on your chest. Acute symptoms can be caused by other conditions so it’s important to see a doctor if you experience these problems. Treatment options depend on severity but may include blood thinners, medication to prevent clots from forming, surgery, and compression stockings. If you have any questions about DVT please contact your healthcare provider for more information!


The UK has been experiencing rapid growth in the number of people living with dementia. Around one million people are living with this condition and there is no cure, which means that it will only affect more and more people as time goes on. One way to help manage symptoms is through medication, such as antipsychotic drugs or antidepressants, but these drugs can have side effects like weight gain or drowsiness which may be difficult for some elders to handle. The best thing you can do if you think someone might be developing dementia is encouraged them to speak with their GP about diagnosis and treatment options early on.


Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder that affects more than 2.6 million people in the UK, and it is estimated to be as high as 4% of those over 65 years old. It can cause a range of symptoms from absence seizures where the person blacks out for a few seconds to complex partial seizures where they may have jerking or twitching movements on one side of their body. Those who have epilepsy should get treatment so they don’t experience any negative effects later in life.

If you are an elderly individual with epilepsy, there are many different treatments available for you if your doctor prescribes them including antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), surgery, vagus nerve stimulator implantation, and dietary therapies such as the ketogenic diet.

AEDs are drugs that help prevent seizures by regulating abnormal electrical activity in the brain, and they include carbamazepine (Tegretol), clonazepam (Klonopin) diazepam (Valium), ethosuximide.

High Cholesterol

According to the National Health Service (NHS) in the UK, high cholesterol is a common condition for people aged 65 years and over. The NHS also says that most of these cases are caused by diet or lifestyle factors such as physical inactivity, smoking, obesity and diabetes. In this blog post, we will take an overview of what causes high cholesterol in elders; how it can be treated; and what you can do if you think your loved one might have it.

The first question that might come up when discussing high cholesterol with your elderly loved ones is whether they already know about their condition. If not then don’t panic – there’s still plenty that you can do to help them. First off, make sure they visit their GP so they can be given a diagnosis. If they then need to make lifestyle changes (such as stopping smoking, exercising more and losing weight) your loved one will most likely feel better in the short-term before any medication is administered.

There are many things you can do at home too like salt substitutes/low sodium versions of foods, exercise regularly (30 minutes daily), avoid fried food, eat more vegetables instead of meat products when possible and maintain a healthy weight by limiting calorie intake while increasing physical activity. You should also try to sleep It will tell them what they need to know and might even help alleviate any concerns they have about their condition.

If you think that your elderly loved one might have high cholesterol but doesn’t know it yet, give them this article.


Motor neurone disease, also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder. It affects the voluntary muscles and eventually leads to paralysis and respiratory failure. The NHS reports that there are 500-1000 cases of motor neurone disease in the UK per year with an average age of diagnosis around 60 years old. The symptoms can vary from person to person but most sufferers will experience weakness in their upper or lower limbs which could manifest as slurred speech, difficulty swallowing, muscle twitching or cramps. There are no cures for motor neurone disease but treatments such as physiotherapy can help prolong life by alleviating some symptoms.

Multiple Sclerosis

When it comes to Multiple Sclerosis, Elders in the UK are not spared. One of the most common symptoms is loss of balance and coordination which can lead to falls and fractures. As we age, our bones become weaker and more brittle so falls are a greater risk for elders than they were before. The NHS advises that you have a fall at home – call 999 or go straight into A&E if your injuries are serious enough. For those who want to find out more about MS in elders, read on! There is no cure for MS but there is treatment available from drugs such as Azathioprine and Mitoxantrone which can reduce the number of relapses (attacks) experienced by sufferers. Treatment can also help to reduce permanent disability and slow the progression of MS.


Osteoporosis is a condition that makes bones brittle and weak, increasing the risk of fracturing. It’s most common in post-menopausal women but also affects men and children. Symptoms include back pain, joint pain, muscle weakness and general fatigue. There are treatments available to help prevent osteoporosis from getting worse or even starting in those who are at risk for it. The NHS has created an interactive guide on what you can do to keep your bones healthy as well as providing a list of resources on where you can learn more about osteoporosis treatment options.

Paget’s Disease of Bone

Paget’s disease is a rare condition that usually occurs in people over 50. It can affect the legs, arms, spine and ribs. Early symptoms include pain and tenderness around the bones or joints of your limbs. The pain may also be felt through to your skin where the bone is close to it (periosteum). There may be some swelling or redness around these areas too. There are two types of Paget’s Disease:

1) Localized – this affects only one area of bone and can often go unnoticed for many years because there are no other symptoms other than those listed above; 2) Generalized – this type is more serious as it affects multiple regions within the body including bones in the spine, pelvis and ribs. Generalized Paget’s disease may also lead to complications such as bone loss or deformity (see Osteoporosis).

The treatment for localized Paget’s Disease is either medication or surgery. The risk of contracting the condition increases with age so people over 50 should get a blood test annually.

Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s Disease is a neurological disorder that affects an individual’s movement, including posture and gait. It typically begins after the age of 50 as symptoms include shaking in only one side of the body, slowness or stiffness while walking, difficulty with balance and coordination, rigid muscles on one side of the face and drooling. Parkinson’s disease can be treated through medications such as levodopa which helps boost dopamine levels in brain cells to improve motor control for individuals with PD. The NHS provides information about other treatments available to manage Parkinson’s Disease at https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/parkinsons-disease/.

The NHS also offers help for those living with PD by providing advice on how to manage symptoms, including exercise and diet suggestions.

“Parkinson’s disease is a neurological condition that can cause shaking in only one side of the body, slowness or stiffness while walking, difficulty with balance and coordination, rigid muscles on one side of the face and drooling.”


Stroke is a leading cause of disability among the elderly in the UK. Strokes are also one of the most common causes of death for people over 65. The NHS provides care for stroke victims, and this blog post will detail what happens after someone has had a stroke.

The symptoms range from numbness in their arm or difficulty speaking to paralysis on one side of their body. These symptoms can be temporary or permanent depending on where they have been affected by the stroke and how much brain damage there was as well as other factors like age and health history before the stroke happened. Once these symptoms have gone away, some treatments help improve recovery time such as physical therapy and speech therapy but more intense treatment may be needed if they have speech or mobility problems.


Shingles in the Elderly in the UK can be an agonizing experience. The virus is most commonly contracted by children, but it can also affect adults and even those who have had chickenpox as a child. It is not contagious from person to person-it must come from contact with the shingles virus itself-and while there are treatments for shingles that will help lessen symptoms and shorten the duration of pain, a vaccine currently does not exist. Anyone over 60 years old should know about this condition so they do not contract Shingles or suffer its consequences unnecessarily.

The NHS offers advice on how to spot Shingles early and what treatment options are available if you get them: https://www.nhs.uk

Would you want to be the only one home when an attack takes your loved one? How would you feel if they wandered out into the street or tripped in the living room with nobody else around because no one can help them? That’s what happened to Linda, and she had nobody. Don’t risk losing everything because an unexpected event happens! Here at DoctorAlert, our alarms offer fall detection alerts and geofence alarms to monitor dementia patients’ location so that help is never too far away!

You can order a personal alarm online today. Alongside the standard pendant alarm, we also offer an automatic fall detector alarm and a GPS alarm for peace of mind wherever you go.

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